Note: the reading each week is what you should prepare for the next class.
(So, for example, read Locke for Jan 29, Carnap for Feb 5, etc.)
Topic: What is the Philosophy of Language? (Powerpoint)
Reading: John Locke, Book III Chapters i-iv, ix-xi, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.
Optional Reading: George Berkeley, “Introduction,” A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
Optional Reading: Nelson Goodman, Part I “Reality Remade,” Languages of Art
Topic: The Idea Theory of Meaning (Powerpoint)
Reading: Rudolf Carnap, “The Elimination of Metaphysics through Logical Analysis of Language.”
Optional Reading: Carl Hempel, “Empiricist Criteria of Cognitive Significance: Problems and Changes.”
Optional Reading: W.V.O. Quine, “Two Dogmas of Empiricism.”
Topic: The Verificationist Theory of Meaning (Powerpoint)
Reading: Fodor, Garrett, Walker & Parkes, Part I of “Against Definitions.”
Optional Reading: Parts II and III of “Against Definitions.”
New year break, no class
Topic: Definitions (Powerpoint)
Reading: Saul Kripke, Lecture II Naming and Necessity
Optional Reading: You might consider Lecture I as well or instead of Lecture II.
Optional Reading: Gareth Evans, “The Causal Theory of Names.”
Distributed: Paper #1 Topics here
Topic: The Causal-Historical Theory of Meaning (Powerpoint)
Reading: Chapter 3, “Meaning,” from Paul Horwich, Meaning.
Optional Reading: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Part I Sections (not pages) 1-32 Philosophical Investigations.
Reading week, no class
DUE DATE: PAPER #1
Topic: Compositionality (Powerpoint)
Topic: Propositional Attitudes
Reading: Gottlob Frege, “On Sense and Reference.”
Optional Reading: Frege, “The Thought.”
Optional Reading: Michael Dummett, chapters 1, 3, 5, and 6 of Frege: Philosophy of Language.
Optional Reading: Evans, “Frege on Demonstratives” in his Collected Papers.
DISTRIBUTED: PAPER #2 TOPICS
Reading: J.L. Austin, Lecture I, How To Do Things with Words
Optional Reading: John Searle, Part I, Chapter 3, “The Structure of Illocutionary Acts,” Speech Acts.
Topic: Speech Acts (Powerpoint)
Reading: Quine, “The Ways of Paradox,” in his The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays (Revised Edition).
Optional Reading: The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, “Self Reference.”
Topic: Semantic Paradoxes
No reading for next class
DUE DATE: PAPER #2
Last day, catch-up and review