Schedule and Readings

Note: the reading each week is what you should prepare for the next class.
(So, for example, read Locke for Jan 29, Carnap for Feb 5, etc.)

Week 1
Jan 22
Topic: What is the Philosophy of Language? (Powerpoint)
Reading: John Locke, Book III Chapters i-iv, ix-xi, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.
Optional Reading: George Berkeley, “Introduction,” A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
Optional Reading: Nelson Goodman, Part I “Reality Remade,” Languages of Art

Week 2
Jan 29
Topic: The Idea Theory of Meaning (Powerpoint)
Reading: Rudolf Carnap, “The Elimination of Metaphysics through Logical Analysis of Language.”
Optional Reading: Carl Hempel, “Empiricist Criteria of Cognitive Significance: Problems and Changes.”
Optional Reading: W.V.O. Quine, “Two Dogmas of Empiricism.”

Week 3
Feb 5
Topic: The Verificationist Theory of Meaning (Powerpoint)
Reading: Fodor, Garrett, Walker & Parkes, Part I of “Against Definitions.”
Optional Reading: Parts II and III of “Against Definitions.”

Week 4
Feb 12
New year break, no class

Week 5
Feb 19
Topic: Definitions (Powerpoint)
Reading: Saul Kripke, Lecture II Naming and Necessity
Optional Reading: You might consider Lecture I as well or instead of Lecture II.
Optional Reading: Gareth Evans, “The Causal Theory of Names.”

Week 6
Feb 26
Distributed: Paper #1 Topics here
Topic: The Causal-Historical Theory of Meaning (Powerpoint)
Reading: Chapter 3, “Meaning,” from Paul Horwich, Meaning.
Optional Reading: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Part I Sections (not pages) 1-32 Philosophical Investigations.

Week 7
Mar 5
Topic: The Use Theory of Meaning (Powerpoint)
Reading: Pagin & Westerstahl, “Compositionality.”

Week 8
Mar 12
Reading week, no class

Week 9
Mar 19
Topic: Compositionality (Powerpoint)

Week 10
Mar 26
Topic: Propositional Attitudes
Reading: Gottlob Frege, “On Sense and Reference.”
Optional Reading: Frege, “The Thought.”
Optional Reading: Michael Dummett, chapters 1, 3, 5, and 6 of Frege: Philosophy of Language.
Optional Reading: Evans, “Frege on Demonstratives” in his Collected Papers.

Week 11
Apr 2
Topic: Sense (Powerpoint)
Reading: H.P. Grice, “Logic and Conversation”

Week 12
Apr 9
Topic: Implicature
Reading: J.L. Austin, Lecture I, How To Do Things with Words
Optional Reading: John Searle, Part I, Chapter 3, “The Structure of Illocutionary Acts,” Speech Acts.

Week 13
Apr 16
Topic: Speech Acts (Powerpoint)
Reading: Quine, “The Ways of Paradox,” in his The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays (Revised Edition).
Optional Reading: The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, “Self Reference.”

Week 14
Apr 23
Topic: Semantic Paradoxes
No reading for next class

Week 15
Apr 30
Last day, catch-up and review